Brightest Black Hole Discovered from Observations by Very Large Telescope in Chile

The most luminous object ever detected has been observed in the distant Universe. Identified as a quasar, it represents the brilliant core of a galaxy fueled by an immense black hole, estimated to be approximately 17 billion times the mass of our Sun. Designated as J0529-4351, the object’s extraordinary power was verified through observations conducted by the Very Large Telescope in Chile.

In a report published in the journal Nature Astronomy, scientists reveal that this black hole exhibits a voracious appetite, devouring matter equivalent to the mass of one Sun every single day. This unprecedented discovery sheds light on the remarkable capabilities of black holes and their profound influence on the cosmic environment.

J0529-4351 was recorded in data many years ago but its true glory has only just been recognised.

According to sources of BBC News, “We have discovered an object which has previously not been recognised for what it is; it’s been staring into our eyes for many years because it’s been glowing at its brightness for longer than humankind has probably existed. But we’ve now recognised it, not as being one of the many foreground stars in our Milky Way but as a very distant object,” Christian Wolf, from the Australian National University (ANU).

Indeed, the term “quasar” denotes a specific type of Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN), which represents the highly energetic core of a galaxy. These quasars are fueled by enormous black holes that draw in surrounding matter at an incredibly rapid pace.

As the material is pulled towards the black hole, it undergoes acceleration and is torn apart, emitting vast amounts of light. This emission is so intense that even objects as distant as J0529-4351 remain visible to us.

The light from this quasar has traveled an astounding distance of 12 billion light-years to reach the detectors at the Very Large Telescope (VLT), an organization under the European Southern Observatory.

Every aspect of this object is truly remarkable, showcasing the incredible phenomena occurring within our universe.

The brightness is described as being equivalent to more than 500 trillion suns. The hot accretion disc producing all that light measures seven light-years in diameter. That’s roughly 15,000 times the distance from the Sun to the orbit of Neptune.

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